GLOBAL USE OF DRUGS .

LAST IMPORTANT UPDATE 23 JAN. 2008 21:00 C.E.T.: SLEEPING PILL HEALTH INSURANCE REMOVAL
COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL
12 AUG 2004 12:00 c.e.s.t.

THIS TEXT HAS DIFFERENT LANGUAGES TO CHOOSE FROM:
flagFRAN.gif (157 bytes)     flagGERM.gif (153 bytes)   flagspain.gif (593 bytes)   flag-italy.GIF (165 bytes)   flagportbraz.gif (279 bytes)   nlvlag.gif (898 bytes)

IN CONCURRENCE WITH OUR POLICY STATEMENT GLOBALMIND.INFO WILL DISCUSS CERTAIN ASPECTS RELATING TO THE USE OF DRUGS WHEN WE FEEL THIS COULD BE OF GENERAL INTEREST .

THESE WILL GENERALLY BE BRIEF NOTES ON WHICH WE MAY LATER ELABORATE .

CONSIDERING "UPPERS".

WITH "UPPERS" WE MEAN DRUGS (e.g. amphetamines) WHICH GENERALLY ELEVATE THE AROUSAL LEVEL OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM .

THEY MAY AMONG OTHER THINGS INCREASE A PERSONS ALERTNESS AND ENDURANCE IN PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE ACTIVITY .

SOME WELL KNOWN DISADVANTAGES OF "UPPERS" ARE THAT THEY ARE HABIT FORMING AND CAN OVERRULE NORMAL FATIGUE WHICH CAN BE REGARDED AS AN EXPERIENCE FORCING THE ORGANISM TO SLOW DOWN OR REST e.g. TO ALLOW IT TO RECUPERATE .

GENERALLY SPEAKING WE DO NOT FAVOR THE USE OF DRUGS WHICH INFLUENCE THE MIND UNLESS THEIR EFFECTS ARE KNOWN AT LEAST WITH NEAR CERTAINTY AND THERE IS A KNOWN AND PREDICTABLE GENERALLY ACCEPTED BENEFIT FOR THE INDIVIDUAL WHICH IS NOT NEGATIVE FOR SOCIETY .

"UPPERS" ARE FAR MORE RISKY SUBSTANCES THEN DOWNERS BECAUSE WHEN ACTIVITY IS INCREASED EFFECTS ARE MORE LIKELY TO INTERACT WITH THE ENVIRONMENT ALSO INCREASING THE RISK OF UNWANTED EFFECTS .

ONE PROBLEM WITH "UPPERS" WHICH WE FEEL DOES NOT RECEIVE SUFFICIENT ATTENTION CONCERNS THE FACT THAT GENERALLY SPEAKING IT MAY BE DIFFICULT TO DIRECT THE INCREASED ACTIVITY LEVEL TO THE REQUIRED AREA .

IN THE CASE OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY WE FEEL THAT IT IS IMPORTANT TO DISTINGUISH BETWEEN RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL (RCA) AND IRRELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL (ICA) .

COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL

Summary :

RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL ( R C A )

WITH RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL I MEAN AROUSAL OF THE (NERVOUS) SYSTEM IN A WAY WHICH ACTIVATES A PERSONS MORE OR LESS CONTINUOUS THINKING AND ACTIVITY IN CONNECTION WITH A TOPIC WHICH IS THE MOST RELEVANT FOR HIS MOST URGENT TASK .

Discussion :

JOHN'S MOST URGENT TASK COULD FOR EXAMPLE BE TO BEGIN AT ONCE WITH HIS HOME WORK FOR AN IMPORTANT TEST IN MATHEMATICS .

THE TEST IS MONDAY AT NINE O'CLOCK . IT IS IMPORTANT FOR THE FINAL GRADE WHICH MUST GET HIM INTO UNIVERSITY . IT IS NOW SATURDAY MORNING . HE IS JUST WAKING UP .

HE HATES MATHEMATICS . HE IS NOT VERY GOOD AT IT . 2 DAYS STUDY IN STEAD OF ONE COULD MAKE ALL THE DIFFERENCE .

TO START PRACTISING IMPROVING ON HIS WEAK POINTS FOR MONDAY'S TEST WOULD BE HIS MOST URGENT TASK .

AND HE KNOWS THAT . . .

IF HE HAD RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL (RCA) HE WOULD IMMEDIATELY START WITH HIS MATH . . . THE CEREBRAL MEMORY FIELDS CONNECTED WITH IT WOULD PROBABLY BE THE FIRST TO GET FURTHER ACTIVATED . . . A CHAIN REACTION COULD RESULT . . .

BUT NO . HE STARTS WITH CLEANING UP HIS ROOM . NOT A BAD ACTIVITY EITHER .

HE HATES IT A LITTLE LESS THEN MATH . . .

BUT HE NOW RISKS ACTIVATING HIS MIND WITH STIMULI WHICH ARE NOT THE MOST RELEVANT FOR HIS MOST URGENT TASK . HE MIGHT FIND A LOST PHOTOGRAPH OF A LOVED ONE . . . OR AN UNPAID FINE . . . YOU NAME IT . . .

A HIGH GRADE ON HIS MATH COULD CHANGE HIS LIFE . . .

CLEANING UP HIS ROOM FIRST THING TODAY PROBABLY WOULD NOT . . .

 

WOULD TAKING AN UPPER HAVE INCREASED JOHNS CHANCES TO START WITH HIS MATH ?

UNFORTUNATELY NOT .

THERE IS NO GUARANTEE AT ALL THAT "UPPERS" WILL CAUSE RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL .

IF JOHN, WITH THE MATH EXAM, HAD TAKEN AN "UPPER" WHEN GETTING OUT OF BED HE COULD HAVE DECIDED TO GO OUT TO SPEND THE WEEKEND IN BARS AND DANCING'S AND MAKE SURE HE WOULD FINALLY LOSE HIS VIRGINITY, NO MATTER HOW . . .

THE CHANCE THAT THIS COULD RUIN HIS LIFE RATHER THEN GET HIM INTO UNIVERSITY WOULD BE EXTREMELY REALISTIC . . .

SIMILAR THINGS CAN HAPPEN TO ADULTS TAKING "UPPERS" TO GET THEM THROUGH DIFFICULT TASKS FACING THEM .

ONLY IN VERY EXCEPTIONAL (e.g. military) CASES UPPPERS COULD POSSIBLY BE CONSIDERED .

THIS COULD ONLY BE UNDER VERY SPECIALIZED GUIDANCE WHERE THERE IS CERTAINTY THAT LIVE IS AT STAKE .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL (EXPERIMENTAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGIST)

PLEASE NOTE :

THE TERM "COGNITIVE AROUSAL" IS NOT UNCOMMON IN SCIENTIFIC LANGUAGE .

YOU CAN CHECK BY ENTERING IT BETWEEN " " ON e.g. YAHOO SEARCH ENGINE .

YOU WILL PROBABLY NOT YET FIND THE TERM "RELEVANT COGNITIVE AROUSAL" .

BACK

COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL

THIS TEXT HAS DIFFERENT LANGUAGES TO CHOOSE FROM:
flagFRAN.gif (157 bytes)     flagGERM.gif (153 bytes)   flagspain.gif (593 bytes)   flag-italy.GIF (165 bytes)   flagportbraz.gif (279 bytes)  nlvlag.gif (898 bytes)