GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION.

V 22 08 2003 10:00 CET COPYRIGHT

Latest important updates:
GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION AND CURE -  JULY AND AUGUST 2006
GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- -  30 APRIL 2007
GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- EXTENDED TEXT -  01 MAY 2007
GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- MORE ABOUT III -   07 MAY 2007
POLITICAL ASPECTS GLOBAL MIND UNDER GLOBAL WARMING: HEATWAVE AND RELEVANT LINKS - 19 JULY 2007
GLOBAL WARMING LATEST .  HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION 19 NOVEMBER 2007

GLOBAL WARMING LATEST .  NOTE ADDED 28 JULY 2008

THIS TEXT HAS DIFFERENT LANGUAGES TO CHOOSE FROM:
flagFRAN.gif (157 bytes)        flagGERM.gif (153 bytes)        flagspain.gif (593 bytes)         flag-italy.GIF (165 bytes)        flagportbraz.gif (279 bytes)   nlvlag.gif (898 bytes)
Note: These different languages are computer translations of the original webpage.
They are provided for general information only and should not be regarded as complete nor accurate.

ABOUT ORIGINAL COMPUTER TRANSLATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENTS

SUMMARY.

THE FOLLOWING ARTICLE IS WRITTEN ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT PROGRESSIVE GLOBAL WARMING IS HERE TO STAY AND THAT THIS MAY WELL CHANGE THE EARTH INTO A NEW PLANET FOR WHICH WE MUST DEVELOP SCENARIOS THAT WOULD BE DEVELOPED FOR SPACE TRAVEL IF WE WANT OUR CHILDREN TO SURVIVE.

OUR WEBSITE IS HOPING TO BE ABLE TO MAKE A CONTRIBUTION TO THIS IN CONCURRENCE WITH THE SECOND DIRECTIVE AS LAID DOWN IN OUR POLICY STATEMENT.

IN THIS ESSAY WE WILL TRY TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE LITERATURE CONCERNING PREVENTION OF HEAT EMERGENCIES IN HUMANS CONFRONTED WITH TEMPERATURES TO WHICH THEY ARE NOT ACCUSTOMED , STARTING AT 30C AND HIGHER , WATER SHORTAGE AND POWER FAILURE.

IT IS PARTICULARLY INTENDED FOR PERSONS AND ORGANIZATIONS NOT ACCUSTOMED TO SUCH CONDITIONS.

THIS IS A PRE-RELEASE PARTICULARLY FOR VULNERABLE PEOPLE LIVING ON THEIR OWN BUT ALSO FOR MANY OTHER CATEGORIES WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.

AN EXPLORATIVE EXPERIMENT DEMONSTRATING TOTAL PREVENTION OF HEAT STRESS WITH A TEMPERATURE HYPERSENSITIVE OLDER SUBJECT IN TROPICAL TEMPERATURES WITHOUT ARTIFICIAL COOLING AND USING ONLY SIX LITERS OF TAP WATER FOR " PERIODICAL COLD DRIP " IN ONE DAY IS DESCRIBED . . .

A LIST OF LINKS TO RELEVANT INTERNET SITES AND PAGES WILL BE INCLUDED.

MORE . . .

 

INTRODUCTION.

PROLONGED PERIODS OF UNUSUAL HOT WEATHER MAY LEAD TO SYSTEM DISTURBANCES OF MANY KINDS INCLUDING CRITICAL WATER SHORTAGE AND POWER FAILURE WITH MANY ASSOCIATED CONSEQUENCES IN DYNAMIC INTERACTION.

THIS CAN LEAD TO AN ACCUMULATION OF STRESSORS CASCADING INTO A MAJOR EMERGENCY FOR THE REGION AND WAY BEYOND THAT, OF AN UNPRECEDENTED SCALE.

ALSO, IN THE ABSENCE OF ARTIFICIAL COOLING , COMPLICATED BY RELATIVE WATER SHORTAGE MOST OF THE STANDARD TREATMENT METHODS FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION AND HEATSTROKE CAN NOT BE APPLIED.

THEY DEPEND TO A LARGE EXTEND ON COOLING AND PLENTY OF WATER.

PREVENTION OF HEAT EXHAUSTION AND HEAT STROKE UNDER WORST CASE SCENARIOS THUS BECOMES AS IMPORTANT AS PREVENTION OF SMALLPOX AND OTHER MORTAL DISEASES.

THIS WOULD INCLUDE : PRACTICING COOLING THE BODY WITHOUT ARTIFICIAL COOLING AND WITH A MINIMUM AMOUNT OF WATER.

ONE RELATIVELY SIMPLE WAY TO KEEP THE BODY COOL UNDER HEAT WAVE CONDITIONS IS CONSTANTLY TO WEAR THIN CLOTHES, HEAD AND NECK WEAR ALL MORE OR LESS SOAKED IN WATER, USING THE PERIODICAL COLD DRIP METHOD.

THE BODY WILL BE COOLED AS THE WATER IN THE CLOTHES EVAPORATES WHICH WILL ALSO REPLACE NATURAL SWEATING REDUCING THE NEED FOR MUCH EXTRA DRINKING TO SOME EXTEND.

THIS PROCEDURE SHOULD BE FOLLOWED PREVENTIVELY AT A PREDETERMINED TEMPERATURE, DEPENDING ON THE TARGET POPULATION, WHEN HEAT WAVE IS EXPECTED.

IT SHOULD BE CONTINUED UNTIL SUBJECTS ARE ACCLIMATIZED AND UNTIL THEY ARE FULLY ACQUAINTED WITH THE PROCEDURE AND KNOW THEY CAN IMMEDIATELY INITIATE IT WHEN THEY BEGIN TO FEEL UNCOMFORTABLE.

WE WILL DISCUS WAYS TO MAKE CLOTHES WET USING A MINIMAL AMOUNT OF WATER.

MORE . . .

COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL 2003

EXPERIMENTAL EXPLORATION.                              Pg 2

PROBLEM IS :

HOW CAN HEAT WAVE EMERGENCIES IN VULNERABLE POPULATIONS BE PREVENTED UNDER RELATIVELY PRIMITIVE CONDITIONS?

TO INVESTIGATE THIS WE HAVE CONCENTRATED ON A SINGLE EXPERIMENT REPEATED OVER SEVERAL DAYS.

EXPLICIT PROBLEM IS : HOW CAN HEAT SENSITIVE INDIVIDUALS AT HOME PREVENT HEAT WAVE EMERGENCIES.

MATERIAL AND METHODS WE USED : THE MOST COMMON HEAT SENSITIVE INDIVIDUAL IS THE OLDER (65+) HUMAN, WITH A MEDICAL BACKGROUND LEADING TO TEMPERATURE CONTROL COMPLEXITY.

THIS IS OUR TARGET POPULATION.

IN EXPLORATIVE EXPERIMENTS WE HAVE STUDIED THE REACTIONS OF ONE SUBJECT AS AN ILLUSTRATION.

SUBJECT WAS INSIDE HIS HOME. TEMPERATURE RANGED FROM 28-32C. NORMALLY THIS SUBJECT BEGAN TO EXPERIENCE EXTREME DISCOMFORT AT TEMPERATURES HIGHER THEN 24C .

 

PROCEDURE .

IN THE FIRST EXPERIMENT TEMPERATURE WAS 28C. SUBJECT KEPT HIS (THIN) CLOTHES ON AND MERELY TOOK A CONTINUOUS "COLD DRIP" UNDER THE SHOWER UNTIL THE CLOTHS WHERE ENTIRELY SOAKED.

A TOWEL WAS PLACED OVER HEAD AND SHOULDERS CAPTURING EVERY DROP OF WATER AND LEADING IT SLOWLY OVER NECK AND SHOULDERS AND THE REMAINDER OF THE BODY.

WATER TEMPERATURE WAS 22C.

THE CLOTHES AND TOWEL WHERE KEPT ON AND KEPT SEMI- SOAKED BY PERIODICALLY SUBMERGING THE TOWEL IN A BOWL OF WATER AND REPLACING IT OVER HEAD AND SHOULDERS FOR THE REST OF THE DAY.

THE WATER SLOWLY FLOWING DOWN FROM THE SOAKED TOWEL WAS SUFFICIENT TO KEEP ALL CLOTHES IN A SEMI SOAKED CONDITION.

THIS REQUIRED APPROXIMATELY 6 LITERS OF TAP WATER (TEMP. 22C).

 

RESULTS OF THE ABOVE PROCEDURE SHOW THAT SUBJECT FELT VERY COMFORTABLE DURING THE ENTIRE DAY IN SPITE OF THE RELATIVELY HIGH TEMPERATURE, ABSENCE OF ARTIFICIAL COOLING AND VENTILATION .

AFTER A FEW HOURS SUBJECT EVEN BEGAN TO FEEL DISTINCTLY COLD, AT LEAST COLDER THEN WAS COMFORTABLE.

WHEN SUBJECT EXPERIMENTALLY CHANGED HIS WET CLOTHES HE ALMOST IMMEDIATELY FELT LIKE STEPPING INTO AN ALIEN HOT AND SUFFOCATING WORLD WHICH WAS IMPOSSIBLE FOR SUBJECT TO ENDURE WITHOUT THE WET CLOTHES OR OTHER FORMS OF COOLING.

THE EXPERIMENT WAS REPEATED ON THREE DIFFERENT DAYS WITH SIMILAR RESULTS AND TEMPERATURES RISING TO OVER 32C INSIDE THE " LAB ".

CONCLUSIONS ARE THAT THIS EXPERIMENT SHOWS EVEN AN EXTREMELY HEAT SENSITIVE SUBJECT OF 69 YEARS CAN FEEL COMFORTABLE AND EVEN COLD AND CONTINUE WORKING (WITH COMPUTERS ETC.) WITHOUT ARTIFICIAL COOLING AND VENTILATION AT TEMPERATURES OF OVER 32C, SIMPLY BY CONTINUOUSLY KEEPING ALL CLOTHING WET (SEMI-SOAKED) WITH A WET TOWEL OVER HEAD AND SHOULDERS.

MORE . . .

COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL 2003

DISCUSSION                                                      PG 3

THE MOST UNCOMFORTABLE PART OF THE ABOVE PROCEDURE IS THAT DROPS OF WATER ARE MORE OR LESS CONTINUOUSLY SPILLED OVER THE LOCATIONS THE SUBJECT MOVES INTO AND OVER THE OBJECTS BEING APPROACHED OR TOUCHED.

THIS OF COURSE REQUIRES SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS, FOR EXAMPLE HAVING TISSUE PAPER CONSTANTLY AT HAND TO REMOVE WATER DROPS ON SIGNIFICANT OBJECTS (e.g. COMPUTERS, PAPERWORK). EXTREME CAUTION IS OBVIOUSLY REQUIRED WITH ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES.

THE ABOVE DISCOMFORTS SEEM SERIOUS ENOUGH TO MAKE THE ENTIRE PROCEDURE LUDICROUS.

IT MUST HOWEVER BE REMEMBERED THAT WE ARE TALKING ABOUT AN EXTREMELY SERIOUS SITUATION :

THE EXPOSURE OF A SUBJECT TO A TEMPERATURE WHICH FOR SUBJECT WOULD NORMALLY HAVE BEEN UNBEARABLE WITHOUT ARTIFICIAL COOLING (AIR-CONDITIONING, ICE, A COLD BATH) OR ARTIFICIAL VENTILATION (FAN).

ALSO IT IS INFERRED THAT THE ABOVE PROCEDURE COULD BE APPLIED IN MUCH HOTTER TEMPERATURES THEN 32C.

AND IT COULD ALSO BE APPLIED OUTDOORS (IN THE SHADE) : e.g. WITH WATER FROM A CASE BOTTLE.

IN THE LITERATURE WE STUDIED WE FOUND NO REFERENCES RESEMBLING THE PROCEDURE DESCRIBED ABOVE.

- WE ARE TALKING ABOUT PREVENTIVELY KEEPING CLOTHES CONTINUOUSLY SEMI-SOAKED USING COLD DRIPPING WHEN REQUIRED - .

MORE . . .

 

REFERENCES INTRODUCED

OUR REFERENCES START WITH SEARCH RESULTS WE OBTAINED BY SELECTING PAGES USING THE GOOGLE AND ALTAVISTA SEARCH ENGINES.

THE QUERY WORDS WE USED ARE SHOWN IN THE SEARCH WORD FRAME.

THIS IS THE WINDOW BEHIND THE WORD GOOGLE.

WORDS OR WORD STRINGS BETWEEN QUOTATION MARKS HAVE BEEN SEARCHED ORDERING EXACT PHRASE.

IN THAT CASE THE SEARCH RESULTS ON THE LIST CONTAIN THE EXACT PHRASE .

WHEN QUOTATION MARKS ARE NOT SHOWN , THE SEARCH RESULTS CONTAIN ALL THE WORDS IN THE FRAME BUT IN RANDOM ORDER.

WHEN YOU MOUSE CLICK ON ONE OF THE GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS PHRASES BELOW, YOU GET INTO THE GOOGLE FIRST PAGE WITH THE RELEVANT SEARCH RESULTS.

THEY ARE SEARCH RESULTS OF ARTICLES WE FOUND MOST RELEVANT (AFTER SUPERFICIAL AND HASTY READING).

WITH A RED ARROW WE HAVE MARKED SEARCH RESULTS WHICH WE HAVE USED AS A REFERENCE OR WHICH WE FOUND PARTICULARLY RELEVANT.

THIS CHOICE IS FOR OUR OWN RESPONSIBILITY AND SHOULD CERTAINLY NOT BE REGARDED AS AN OBJECTIVE CRITERION FOR RELEVANCE.

THE REFERENCES 1 TO 6 BELOW ARE RANKED IN THE ORDER WE HAVE (SUPERFICIALLY) CONSULTED FOR THIS ARTICLE.

THE HIGHER NUMBERS (AFTER NUMBER 5) RELATE TO SEARCH RESULTS WITH QUERY WORDS WE HAVE ALSO USED AND OF WHICH WE HAVE "LOOKED AT" THE FIRST PAGE OF RESULTING SEARCH RESULTS .

 

REFERENCES                                                              Pg 4

(INCLUDING GOOGLE AND ALTAVISTA SEARCH RESULTS)

SEARCH ENGINE REFERENCES MOUSE CLICKABLE FROM HERE

1. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

2. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : MILITARY HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

3. ALTAVISTA SEARCH RESULTS FOR : HEAT STRESS PREVENTION
INTERSAFE SAFETY & FIRST AID PRODUCTS

4. ALTAVISTA SEARCH RESULTS FOR : HEAT STRESS PREVENTION
KOOL N' SAFE

5. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : HEATWAVE EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
HEATWAVE ACTION GUIDE University of New South Wales Australia

6. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : CEREBRAL DETERIORATION HEAT TOLERANCE

SEARCH ENGINE REFERENCES NOT MOUSE CLICKABLE FROM HERE

(=GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : QUERY WORDS WE SUGGEST)

7. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : BODY COOLING RESEARCH

8. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : BRAIN COOLING RESEARCH

9. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : "CLIMATE SIMULATION CHAMBER"

10. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : CLIMATE SIMULATION ROOM

11. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : "COOLING THE BRAIN"

12. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : "ECN-KLIMAATKAMER"

13. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : HEAT WAVE WORST CASE SCENARIO

14. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : KLIMAAT KAMER

15. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : KLIMAATKAMER TNO FEL

16. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : KLIMAAT KAMER TNO FEL

17. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : KLIMAAT SIMULATIE KAMER

18. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : MIITARY HEATWAVE EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

19. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : NASA HEAT EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

20. GOOGLE SEARCH RESULTS FOR : NASA HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

OTHER REFERENCES, INCLUDING OTHER RELEVANT LINKS :

21. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HEAT AND COLD STRESS INJURIES.
PUBLISHED BY NAVY ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH CENTER, 2510 WALMER AVENUE, NORFOLK, VIRGINIA 23513-2617 - JUNE 1992
(ADOBE ACROBAT READER FILE)

22. WWW.KNMI.NL/VOORL/NIEUWS/UNIEKKLIMAATONDERZOEKGESTARTOPNEDERLANDSESUPERCOMPUTER.HTM

23. WWW.KNMI.NL/ONDERZK/INDEX.HTML

24. WWW.KNMI.NL/VOORL/KD/INDEX_ENG.HTML

25. HTTP://HIRLAM.KNMI.NL

26. WWW.KNMI.NL/ONDERZK/APPLIED/WM/EN/WM_RDINDEX.HTML

27. WWW.KNMI.NL/ONDERZK/CLIMATE/

COPYRIGHT J. P. KROL 2003 STICHTING THE UNICORN FOUNDATION.

Latest important updates :

GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION 22 AUGUST 2003

GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION AND CURE -  JULY AND AUGUST 2006

GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- 30 APRIL 2007

GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- EXTENDED TEXT -  01 MAY 2007

GLOBAL HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION -GLOBAL WARMING- MORE ABOUT III - 07 MAY 2007

POLITICAL ASPECTS GLOBAL MIND UNDER GLOBAL WARMING: HEATWAVE AND RELEVANT LINKS - 19 JULY 2007

GLOBAL WARMING LATEST .  HEAT WAVE EMERGENCY PREVENTION 19 NOVEMBER 2007

GLOBAL WARMING LATEST .  NOTE ADDED 28 JULY 2008

THIS TEXT HAS DIFFERENT LANGUAGES TO CHOOSE FROM:
flagFRAN.gif (157 bytes)        flagGERM.gif (153 bytes)        flagspain.gif (593 bytes)         flag-italy.GIF (165 bytes)        flagportbraz.gif (279 bytes)   nlvlag.gif (898 bytes)
Note: These different languages are computer translations of the original webpage.
They are provided for general information only and should not be regarded as complete nor accurate.
ABOUT ORIGINAL COMPUTER TRANSLATIONS OF SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENTS

    BACK